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Communications in Senegal


Senegal has an excellent telecommunications infrastructure, which is digitised. Sonatel, Senegal’s main telecommunications operator, continues to dominate the market. It was privatised in 1997 with France Telecom as the strategic partner. Liberalisation of some services accompanied privatisation. Two companies now provide cellular telephone services, and there is a competitive internet services market. As a result, there has been a boom of internet-related activities and services and in cell phone usage.

In 2007, sales generated by the telecommunications sector accounted for more than 7% of the GDP. These last few years have witnessed the spectacular growth of mobile telephony with close to 11.5 million subscribers in 2012. In that same year, Senegal has around 338,200 landlines. In addition, cable, telex, fax and internet services are available.

The government-operated radio and television service has transmitters throughout the country. The two national radio networks based in Dakar broadcast mostly in French, while the regional stations in Rufisque, Saint-Louis, Tambacounda, Kaolack and Ziguinchor, which originate their own programs, broadcast primarily in six local languages. Transmission of educational television programs began in 1973. As of 1999 there were eight AM and six FM radio stations and one television station. In 2000, there were about 141 radios and 40 television sets for every 1,000 people.

Internet service is widely available in Dakar and other towns either by private subscription or through Senegal's extensive network of "telecentres" and internet cafés. The Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) broadband subscriber base is growing rapidly, though the penetration rate is less than 1%>


Telephones - main lines in use : 338,200 (2012)
Telephones - mobile cellular : 11.47 million (2012)
Telephone system : general assessment: good system with microwave radio relay, coaxial cable and fibre-optic cable in trunk system

domestic: above-average urban system with a fiber-optic network; nearly two-thirds of all fixed-line connections are in Dakar where a call-center industry is emerging; expansion of fixed-line services in rural areas needed; mobile-cellular service is expanding rapidly

international: country code - 221; the SAT-3/WASC fibre-optic cable provides connectivity to Europe and Asia while Atlantis-2 provides connectivity to South America; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2010)
Broadcast media : state-run Radiodiffusion Television Senegalaise (RTS) operates 2 TV stations; a few private TV subscription channels rebroadcast foreign channels without providing any local news or programs; RTS operates a national radio network and a number of regional FM stations; many community and private-broadcast radio stations are available; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are accessible on FM in Dakar (2007)
Internet country code : .sn
Internet hosts : 237 (2012)
Internet users : 1.818 million (2009)






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