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Government in Senegal


Senegal is a semi-presidential, liberal democratic republic, whereby the President of Senegal is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Senegal the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Senegal has a reputation for transparency in government operations. The level of economic corruption that has damaged the development of the economies in other parts of the world is very low. Today, Senegal has a democratic political culture, being part of one of the most successful democratic transitions in Africa. Senegal is one of the few African states that has never experienced a coup d'etat.

The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The prime minister is appointed by the president. The Council of Ministers are appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president.

Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The unicameral National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) has 150 members, elected for a five-year term, by parallel voting, with multi-seat rather than single-seat constituencies for the plurality part of the system.

The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The nation's highest courts that deal with business issues are the constitutional council, and the court of justice, members of which are named by the president.


Country name : conventional long form: Republic of Senegal
conventional short form: Senegal
local long form: Republique du Senegal
local short form: Senegal
former: Senegambia (along with The Gambia), Mali Federation
Government type : republic
Capital : name: Dakar
geographic coordinates: 14 40 N, 17 26 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions : 14 regions (regions, singular - region); Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaffrine, Kaolack, Kedougou, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint-Louis, Sedhiou, Tambacounda, Thies, Ziguinchor
Independence : 4 April 1960 (from France); note - complete independence achieved upon dissolution of federation with Mali on 20 August 1960
National holiday : Independence Day, 4 April (1960)
Constitution : previous 1959 (pre-independence), 1963; latest adopted by referendum 7 January 2001, promulgated 22 January 2001; amended many times, last in 2008 (2011)
Legal system : civil law system based on French law; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Court
International law organisation participation : accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
Suffrage : 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch : chief of state: President Macky Sall (since 2 April 2012)
head of government: Prime Minister Aminata Toure (since 3 September 2013)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 26 February 2012 with a second round runoff on 25 March 2012 (next to be held 2019); prime minister appointed by the president
election results: Macky Sall elected president; percent of votes in a runoff - Macky Sall 65.8%, Abdoulaye Wade 34.2%
Legislative branch : unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (150 seats; 90 members elected by direct popular vote and 60 elected by proportional representation from party lists to serve five-year terms)
elections: National Assembly - last held on 1 July 2012 (next to be held in 2017)
election results: National Assembly results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Benno Bokk Yakaar coalition 119, PDS 12, Bokk Giss Giss coalition 4, MCRN-Bes Du Nakk 4, PVD 2, MRDS 2, URD 1, AJ/PADS 1, other 5
Judicial branch : highest court(s): Highest Appeals Court or Cour de Cassation (consists of 13 judges including the court president); Constitutional Council (consists of 5 members including the court president, vice-president, and 3 judges)
judge selection and term of office: Highest Appeals Court judges' tenure NA; Constitutional Council members appointed by the president of the republic to serve 6-year terms with renewal of 3 members every two years
subordinate courts: Court of Appeals; regional and first instance courts
Political parties and leaders : African Party of Independence [Majhemout Diop];
Alliance for the Republic-Yakaar [Macky Sall];
Alliance of Forces of Progress or AFP [Moustapha Niasse];
And-Jef/African Party for Democracy and Socialism or AJ/PADS [Landing Savane];
Benno Bokk Yakaar coalition [Macky Sall];
Benno Siggil Senegal (a coalition of opposition parties);
Bokk Giss Giss coalition [Pape Diop];
Citizen Movement for National Reform or MCRN-Bes Du Nakk
Democratic League-Labour Party Movement or LD-MPT [Dr. Abdoulaye Bathily];
Front for Socialism and Democracy/Benno Jubel or FSD/BJ [Cheikh Abdoulaye Bamba Dieye];
Gainde Centrist Bloc or BGC [Jean-Paul Dias];
Independence and Labour Party or PIT [Amath Dansokho];
Jef-Jel [Talla Sylla];
National Democratic Rally or RND [Madior Diouf];
Party for Truth and Development or PVD [Ahmadou Kara Mbacke];
People's Labour Party or PTP [El Hadji Diouf];
Reform Party or PR [Abdourahim Agne];
Republican Movement for Socialism and Democracy or MRDS
Rewmi Party [Idrissa Seck];
Senegalese Democratic Party or PDS [Abdoulaye Wade];
Socialist Party or PS [Ousmane Tanor Dieng];
SOPI Coalition [Abdoulaye Wade] (a coalition led by the PDS);
Synergy for Ethics and Transparency [Aminata Tall];
Union for Democratic Renewal or URD [Djibo Leyti Ka]
Political pressure groups and leaders : other: labour; students; Sufi brotherhoods, including the Mourides and Tidjanes; teachers
International organisation participation : ACP, AfDB, AU, CPLP (associate), ECOWAS, FAO, FZ, G-15, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURCAT, MONUC, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US : chief of mission: Ambassador Cheikh Niang (since 13 July 2012)
embassy: 2215 M Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037
telephone: [1] (202) 234-0540
fax: [1] (202) 332-6315
consulate(s) general: Houston, New York
Diplomatic representation from the US : chief of mission: Ambassador Lewis Lukens (since 11 July 2011) note - also accredited to Guinea-Bissau
embassy: Route des Almadies, Dakar
mailing address: B. P. 49, Dakar
telephone: [221] 33-879-4000
fax: [221] 33-822-2991
Flag description : three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red with a small green five-pointed star centred in the yellow band; green represents Islam, progress, and hope; yellow signifies natural wealth and progress; red symbolises sacrifice and determination; the star denotes unity and hope
note: uses the popular Pan-African colours of Ethiopia; the colours from left to right are the same as those of neighbouring Mali and the reverse of those on the flag of neighbouring Guinea
National symbol(s) : lion
National anthem : name: "Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons" (Pluck Your Koras, Strike the Balafons)
lyrics/music: Leopold Sedar Senghor/Herbert Pepper
note: adopted 1960; the lyrics were written by Leopold Sedar Senghor, Senegal"s first president; the anthem is sometimes played incorporating the Koras (harp-like stringed instruments) and Balafons (types of xylophones) mentioned in the title






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