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   Information Center Senegal
Senegal General Information
 
History of Senegal
Senegal Culture
Senegal Cuisine
Senegal Geography
Senegal Population
Senegal Government
Senegal Economy
Senegal Communications
Senegal Transportations
Senegal Military
Senegal Transnational Issues
Senegal Healthcare
Senegal People, Language & Religion
Senegal Expatriates Handbook
Senegal and Foreign Government
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People, Languages & Religions in Senegal
 
 
 

People

The largest ethnic group is the Wolof, who made up 43.3% of the total population in 1998; they live mainly in the northwest. The Pular rank as the second-largest group, constituting 23.8%. Closely related to the Wolof are the Serer (14.7%), in west-central Senegal, who are skilled peanut cultivators, and the Lebu, mostly fishermen and farmers, concentrated in the Dakar area.

Other important groups are the Diola of Casamance, making up 3.7% of the populace; the Mandink, in the southeast and in Casamance, accounting for 3%; the Soninke constituting 1.1%; the Tukulor, who live predominantly in the northeast; and the Fulani (Peul) and Bambara, scattered throughout the country. Europeans and Lebanese make up about 1% of the total population; other various groups constitute the remaining 9.4%.

Languages

French, the official language, is the language of administration and of the schools. Indigenous languages are also widely spoken, the major ones being Wolof, Pulaar, Diola and Mandingo.

Religions

Government reports indicate that about 90% of the people are Muslim, with members of the Tijaniya and Muridiya brotherhoods having great social, political and economic influence.

About 9% of Senegalese are Christians, including Roman Catholics and a number of Protestant denominations. The remaining 1% practise exclusively traditional indigenous religions, particularly in the southeastern region of the country.

 
 

 



 


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