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Population in Senegal
 
 
 

General

The population of Senegal in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations at 11,658,000, which placed it at number 71 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In 2005, approximately 3% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 42% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 97 males for every 100 females in the country. According to the UN, the annual population rate of change for 2005-2010 was expected to be 2.6%, a rate the government viewed as too high, although progress has been made in reducing the fertility rate. The projected population for the year 2025 was 17,348,000. The population density was 59 per km² (153 per mi²).

The UN estimated that 43% of the population lived in urban areas in 2005, and that urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 3.61%. The capital city, Dakar, had a population of 2,167,000 in that year. Other important towns and their estimated populations are Thiès, 340,000; Kaolack, the peanut export centre, 191,023; and Saint-Louis, 190,000.

Overview

Population : 13,635,927 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure : 0-14 years: 42.5% (male 2,908,431/female 2,880,258)

15-24 years: 20.5% (male 1,388,530/female 1,401,109)

25-54 years: 30.4% (male 1,892,403/female 2,253,576)

55-64 years: 3.8% (male 225,942/female 289,920)

65 years and over: 2.9% (male 179,444/female 216,314) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratios : total dependency ratio: 86.5 %

youth dependency ratio: 81 %

elderly dependency ratio: 5.5 %

potential support ratio: 18.2 (2014 est.)
Median age : total: 18.4 years

male: 17.5 years

female: 19.3 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate : 2.48% (2014 est.)
Birth rate : 35.09 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate : 8.65 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate : -1.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanisation : urban population: 42.5% of total population (2011)

rate of urbanisation: 3.32% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population : Dakar (capital) 3.035 million (2011)
Sex ratio : at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 0.84 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female

total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth : 21.4

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010-11 est.)
Maternal mortality rate : 370 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Infant mortality rate : total: 52.72 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 58.91 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 46.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birth : total population: 60.95 years

male: 58.94 years

female: 63.02 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate : 4.52 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate : 13.1% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate : 0.5% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS : 42,800 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths : 1,900 (2012 est.)
Health expenditures : 6% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density : 0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density : 0.3 beds/1,000 population (2008)
Drinking water source : improved:

urban: 92.5% of population

rural: 60.3% of population

total: 74.1% of population

unimproved:

urban: 7.5% of population

rural: 39.7% of population

total: 25.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility access : improved:

urban: 67.1% of population

rural: 40.5% of population

total: 51.9% of population

unimproved:

urban: 32.9% of population

rural: 59.5% of population

total: 48.1% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseases : degree of risk: very high

food or water-borne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhoea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever

vector-borne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever

water contact disease: schistosomiasis

respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis

animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate : 6.8% (2008)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight : 14.4% (2012)
Nationality : noun: Senegalese (singular and plural)

adjective: Senegalese
Ethnic groups : Wolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%
Religions : Muslim 94% (most adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous beliefs 1%
Languages : French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
Literacy : definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 49.7%

male: 61.8%

female: 38.7% (2009 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) : total: 8 years

male: 8 years

female: 8 years (2010)
Education expenditures : 5.6% of GDP (2010)
Child labour - children ages 5-14 : total number: 657,216

percentage: 22 % (2005 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 : total: 14.8%

male: 11.9%

female: 20.1% (2006)

 

 

 
 

 



 


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