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Senegal Population


The population of Senegal in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 10,095,000, which placed it as number 77 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 3% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 44% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 99 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000-2005 is 2.39%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 13,159,000. The population density in 2002 was 50 per sq km (130 per sq mi).

It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 47% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. The capital city, Dakar, had a population of 1,999,000 in that year. Other important towns are Thiès, 319,000; Kaolack, the peanut export centre, 181,000; and Saint-Louis, 179,000. According to the UN, the urban population growth rate for 2000-2005 was 4.0%.


12,323,252 (July 2010 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 42.2% (male 2,911,324/female 2,877,804)
15-64 years: 54.8% (male 3,728,664/female 3,786,000)
65 years and over: 3% (male 190,343/female 217,462) (2010 est.)

Median age:
total: 17.9 years
male: 17.1 years
female: 18.7 years (2010 est.)

Population growth rate:
2.579% (2010 est.)

Birth rate:
37.27 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)

Death rate:
9.49 deaths/1,000 population (July 2010 est.)

Net migration rate:
-1.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2010 est.)

urban population: 42% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanisation: 3.1% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 57.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 64.34 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 50.86 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 59.38 years
male: 57.48 years
female: 61.34 years (2010 est.)

Total fertility rate:
4.86 children born/woman (2010 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1% (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
67,000 (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
1,800 (2007 est.)

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or water-borne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vector-borne diseases: Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever, dengue fever, malaria, Rift Valley fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)

noun: Senegalese (singular and plural)
adjective: Senegalese

Ethnic groups:
Wolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%

Muslim 94%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous beliefs 1%

French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 39.3%
male: 51.1%
female: 29.2% (2002 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 7 years (2008)

Education expenditures:
5.1% of GDP (2008)





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